Female foeticide is the aborting of a girl fetus in the womb before its complete growth. WHY? This is because that it is female? Female foeticide has become a disgraceful and shocking truth of our nation. In India a strong fondness for sons over daughter. It is one of the main reasons for declining sex ratio.
The origin of this evil practice has been linked to the arrival, in the early 1990s of affordable ultrasound technology and its widespread adoption in India. Obstetric ultrasonography, checks for various markers of fetal sex. It can be performed at or after week 12 of pregnancy. At this point ¾ of fetal sexes can be correctly determined,according to a 2001 study. Accuracy for males is approximately 50% and for females almost 100%.
The main reason is the mentality of the people and this society. In our society many people think that boy child will bring happiness and status in their life, where girl child only brings the tension. today in the 21% century where the world coming with new ideas and thoughts but the mindset of the people regarding the girl child is same. the dowry system which is going on from past 50 years but today it become worse, people demand so much money that girl family can’t fulfill it.also, as per Hindu belief, lighting the funeral pyre by a son is considered necessary for salvation of the spirit. This strong desire for sons which results in a life-endangering deprivation of daughters is not considered abhorrent culturally and socially.
In India, where many measures taken by the government like empowerment of the women, free education to girl child, reservation in parliament, women rights and others progressive initiative. Everyone is trying to spread the message everywhere. Despite all these efforts, the sex ratio of our country is not improving. According to the 2011 census, there are approx. 110 boys behind 100 girls. This shows that we have wrecked the sex ratio of our country.
According to certain sections of the Indian Penal Code, forced abortion, causing death of an unborn child or intentionally preventing a child being born alive are punishable offences. Many changes were made in the PCPNDT [Pre – Conception and Pre–Natal Diagnostic Techniques] Act 2004. It brought ultrasound and amniocentesis under its ambit. The rules, regulations and punishments are made more stringent. Despite all these changes, it has been said that the implementation of this act has turned into a farce. Despite ruling given by the Supreme Court and various High Courts to make the existing law an impediment, the courts have shown their hesitancy in sending the offenders off to jail. Lawyers and activists have unanimously demanded stringent punishment for the guilty while fixing the accountability of the competent authorities handling the cases of sex detection.
In our country a girl is worshiped as a devi on one hand and denied her existence on the other, as if she has no right to live. Time has perhaps come for us to get rid of male chauvinism and treat children as gifts of nature regardless to their gender.
Written by: Ms. Purabi Sinha, Student, SOA National Institute of Law, Bhubaneswar
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