The 5+3+3+4 initiative to replace 10+2 structure of Education: New National Education Policy



The Government of India has renamed the Ministry of Human Resource Development to the Ministry of Education.

Emphasizing on the need of quality education, the Government of India has taken the lead to reframe the National Educational Policy and established the New Education Policy (NEP).


Willing to stabilise the success and prosperity of the nation on the pillars of quality education, the Union Cabinet on 29th July, 2020 approved the New Education Policy and renamed the Ministry of Human Resource Development to the Ministry of Education.


The New Education Policy highlights the following norms:

  • By the year 2030, Early Childhood Children Education (ECCE) will be universally applied as a part of Sustainable Development Goal 4.

  • The new policies aim to eliminate the gap between different arts and science, vocational, academic, curricular and extra-curricular streams.

  • Instruction till Standard 5 shall be maintained in Mother Tongue, Regional Tongue, preferably till Grade 8.

  • The Process Card shall not be mere statements of marks and grades, but shall hold the 360 degree, holistic card prepared to reflect both minute and great details of the learner, covering academics, interaction with peers and teachers, skills and other qualities.

  • Establishment of New Assessment Centre – PARAKH to offer common entrance exams and National Testing Agency (NTA) to offer the same for higher studies.

  • National Mission to develop Foundational Learning and Numeracy Skills on the ground level by 2025.

  • Preparing the teachers effectively and in a better way for the proper assessment of students by 2023.

  • Education System to be made universally equitable and affordable by 2030.

  • Reducing the stakes of Board Examinations and changing its purpose to test ability of students to apply the knowledge.

  • Introduction of new framework for Students, Teachers and Education and setting up of National Professional Standards for Teachers.

  • Instead of rote learning, each child shall be taught one activity that he or she shall be skilled in by the end of the school.

  • Education of gifted children, inclusion of gender funds, vocational courses from Grade 6, enabling Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBVs) up to Grade 12 and deleting the extra syllabus to strengthen the core concepts are some other norms laid by the NEP.

  • Where the former policy allowed different standards in public and private institutions, the same shall be eliminated in the NEP.

  • Adding the 21st Century skills, arithmetic reasoning and scientific temper to the curriculum along with promotion of books and installation of digital libraries.

  • Multidisciplinary Education – flexibility of subjects and multiple entry and exit.

  • Research Intensive Universities/ Autonomous Degree Granting Institutions.

  • The live campuses of University shall witness Model Multidisciplinary Education and Research University as a part of Education System.

  • Fee fixation policies to be developed and worked within Board Regulatory Framework.

  • UG programmes to be limited to 3-4 years and PG programmes to be limited to 1-2 years.

  • Integrated Courses to be finalised in 5 years and M.Phil. to be discontinued.

The NEP has also brought the use of technology in advancing education under the limelight. This includes,

  • Installation of Divyang Friendly Education Software, e-content in regional languages, virtual labs.

  • Use of technology for better planning, management and assessment with less human interference.

  • National Educational Technology Forum (NEFT).

Focusing on Education with Economy the Union Cabinet has stated that

  • The Public Investment in Education Sector to reach 6% of the GDP at the earliest.

  • 50% Gross Enrolment Ratio by 2035

  • 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio in Pre- school to Secondary Level by 2030.

Other than these major reforms, the Union Cabinet along with gifting a New Education Policy to the nation after 34 years, also decided to phase out the Affiliation System in 15 years and managed to observe the Higher education institutions under one regulator. Apart from the legal and medical education, the institutions shall come under one regulator, following common norms and providing inclusive and equitable education universally.

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